The foils for the anode, cathode, and separator are basic materials in battery cells. They are wound on rolls and then joined together using a calendering process. This is a high-speed and start/stop operation that requires precise interaction between each component. For an efficient process with minimal machine downtime, used rolls must be changed at precisely the right time. A key factor here is material consumption; the diameter of the roll shrinks during unwinding. Being able to accurately measure the diameter of the rolls makes it easier to ensure they are changed at the optimal time.
The material on the roll varies in color. It is very dark in places, but can also have reflective sections. The roll diameter must be measured reliably and with high accuracy, regardless of these optical properties. Detection must also be unaffected by the metal surfaces in the machine. Conversely, the sensor technology used must not cause EMC interference. To prevent damage to the material and wear on the sensor, detection should be noncontact.
Ultrasonic sensors detect the target object regardless of its optical properties. Their design makes them resistant to contamination and adverse ambient conditions. They do not generate EMC interference; the sensing mode is not affected by electromagnetic interference. In addition to the F42 series, the UC18GS series is especially well suited for continuously measuring roll diameters. They combine state-of-the-art ultrasonic technology with the option of IO-Link communication. This makes them very easy to parameterize and able to provide additional data for integrated diagnostics and process optimization alongside the high-precision measurement data.
These compact sensors can also be used in confined spaces. An especially small dead band of 30 mm and a detection range of 500 mm mean that the sensor can be mounted in a wide variety of locations. The diameter of the sound cone can be adapted to the application. Automatic synchronization means up to ten sensors can be used simultaneously in a confined space without any interference—or parameterization effort. In addition to IO-Link, the sensors are equipped with an infrared interface (IrDA) and conventional push buttons for programming purposes: The latter can be used for configuration directly at the sensor.
From the battery cell to the battery module to the battery pack—discover our sensor solutions for automated battery manufacturing!