A Floating Production, Storage and Offloading vessel (FPSO) is a type of floating tank system used by the offshore oil and gas industry. The FPSO is designed to take all of the oil or gas produced from a nearby platform(s), process it, and store it until the oil or gas can be offloaded onto waiting tankers, or sent through a pipeline. A Floating Storage and Offloading unit (FSU) is a simplified FPSO without the possibility for oil or gas processing.
The transportation of natural gas by pipeline from distant storage facilities can be difficult and expensive. Thus the gas is liquefied by cooling to approx. minus 162° C. The resulting commodity is LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas).
LNG is transported in this state in special tankships--LNG tankers. After unloading at special LNG terminals the liquefied gas is re-vaporised and distributed to the consumer by pipeline.
For these and more marine applications, Pepperl+Fuchs intrinsically safe interface products connect the field measurement instrumentation to the control room. The range of products spans all technology platforms:
The components can be supplied mounted into stainless steel enclosures and pre-wired to specification.
The new LB/FB PROFINET gateways from Pepperl+Fuchs open the door for IIoT 4.0 applications in process industries.