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Safe Firefighting on Ships with Intelligent Safety Relays

The Application

Fire protection on ships is a very current and important issue. A fire must be quickly detected and immediately extinguished, because the escape options for the crew are limited. The consequences for nature and the environment would also be devastating. In the engine room alone, there is a constant risk of fire. The surfaces of the machines can become so warm that leaking fuel evaporates immediately.

The Goal

In the event of a fire, time is a critical factor. Therefore, all firefighting and safety measures must be initiated immediately, for example sprinkler systems. However, oxidizing factors such as the fuel lines leading to the fire source must also be shut down. This means turning off the fuel pumps as well as activating the sprinkler system. In addition, alerting the crew is an important part of the evacuation process. This means activating warning sirens and lamps in all rooms and cabins on the ship. The fire alarm triggers and transmits these signals. A safety relay with a high degree of reliability in case of emergency is required to ensure that the signals are transmitted safely.

The Solution

The latest safety relays feature a sophisticated “One out of three” (1oo3) architecture.
The latest safety relays feature a sophisticated “One out of three” (1oo3) architecture.

The safety relays from Pepperl+Fuchs have a sophisticated “One out of three” (1oo3) architecture that uses two redundant relays to ensure excellent reliability. This architecture only requires one of the three contacts to be functioning. It is available for both ETS (Energize-to-safe) and DTS (De-energize to safe). For example, this architecture is particularly advantageous when used for ETS applications in process automation, making it the only safe variant. In the process technology industry, safety loops can remain unused for years, meaning the contacts are not maintained by frequent switching processes. This can lead to dirty or corroded contacts closing, despite the fact that the resistance is so high that no current can flow. If contacts are force guided, this poses the additional risk of misinformation stating that a conductive connection has been established.

The Benefits

In addition to increased reliability, the safety relays in the KFD2-RSH series also provide a unique diagnostics function that saves the user any additional test effort. The integrated diagnostics function switches the three contacts successively with a time delay during each switching operation. During the delay period, the device checks whether this contact closes or opens the circuit accordingly. Defective contacts are detected, and a fault is reported to the control system. After switching three times, the relay module is fully tested without any additional effort.  The modules in the KFD2-RSH series also provide comprehensive line fault transparency (LFT). Short circuits and lead breakages are detected on the field and control sides and assigned to a specific signal circuit. In conventional modules, it would only be possible to monitor the field side by connecting an additional fault indication output. LFT means that wiring in this connection is no longer required. The safety relays also have an input filter, which reliably filters out incoming test pulses from the control system. As a result, the control system can perform all diagnostic functions freely without creating an unintended circuit.

At a Glance

  • 1oo3 architecture with double redundant relay for reliable switching operations
  • Integrated diagnostics function saves test effort and ensures reliability
  • Line fault transparency without the need for additional wiring
  • Extensive use of the control system’s diagnostic functions thanks to test pulse immunity


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K-rendszerű biztonsági relék

A Pepperl+Fuchs az újonnan kifejlesztett biztonsági reléknek köszönhetően új megbízhatósági szintet állít fel. A többszörösen redundáns kapcsolóérintkezőknek köszönhetően a jól bevált K-rendszerből származó interfész modul megbízható és biztonságos aktiválást és szüneteltetést biztosít az IEC61508-tól a SIL 3 biztonsági szintig tanúsított alkalmazások esetében.